Corollary Theorems: PREPOSITION


English Grammar Notes #9:



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(fragment from LSEG Definition M8)

"Prepositions" are used to link two different syntactic elements, and to set particular relations (of time, direction, possession, state, etc.) ...

LSEG: PrepositionsIt happens many times that prepositions, conjunctions, and some adverbs have identical forms; therefore, it is easy to confuse or to use them incorrectly. The best method to detect prepositions is by analyzing the syntactic functionality of each linked sentence element.

Prepositions link two sentence elements having different syntactic functions. For example: verbs and their direct objects; nouns and their attributes; etc. Conjunctions link two morphologic/syntactic elements of the same type (including two prepositions), or two sentences. The adverb determines only one sentence element (a verb, a noun, an adjective, or another adverb) or an entire sentence. Few instances of detecting prepositions are highlighted next.

We met her after lunch. (preposition)
We thanked them after they did it. (conjunction)
We left shortly after. (adverb)

The structure employed to present, summarily, prepositions in this page is:
1.  Types of Prepositions
2.  Using Prepositions
3.  Verbs with Prepositions
4.  Examples
These Grammar Notes are not sufficient to understand the topics presented. For accurate and detailed information we recommend LOGICALLY STRUCTURED ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

According to their form, prepositions are:
1. simple
2. derived
3. compound
4. complex
5. prepositional phrases

Following is a fragment from LSEG: a list of common prepositions.

LSEG: simple prepositions


Fragment from LSEG: using prepositions in elliptic sentences.

LSEG: prepositions in elliptic sentences


Most verbs may be followed by any preposition needed to satisfy the link to prepositional complement. However, there is a significant category of verbs named "verbs with preposition" having embedded certain prepositions in their form. A few examples are highlighted next.

: to get off; to get into; to get on; to get out; to get over; to get around; etc.
2. TO GO: to go about; to go by; to go down; to go in/out; to go with; to go without; etc.
3. TO LOOK: to look at; to look about; to look for; to look on; to look into; to look up; etc.

Fragment from LSEG: verbs with preposition.

LSEG: verbs with preposition

In addition to verbs with preposition, there is a numerous category of "verbs with adverbial particle and preposition".

1. About: He was about to speak. They rowed about the lake.
2. At: We stopped at the traffic light. At first (adverb) it seemed harmless.
3. But: He was the last but one. But for her help, we would have drowned into despair.
4. By: To die by inches. I shall be back by nine o'clock.
5. For: Mary sent this book for me. Are you for New York? He was in for about two hours.
6. From: I got a letter from him. She poured from the bottle.
7. In: She lives in Boston. I took lessons in Mathematics.
8. Of: The door of the hall was ajar.  She was the wife of a doctor.
9. On: The tree has no leaves on. Pull on your socks!
10. Over: Look over this lesson again. The play was over (adjective).
11. To: Give it to July. We drove to town.
12. Up: The cat got up tree. Time is up (adjective)!

There are nouns, adjectives, and even adverbs which require they are followed or preceded only by certain prepositions. 
Fragment from LSEG: using prepositions.

LSEG: using prepositions


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November 07, 2013
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