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GRAMMAR NOTES: PREPOSITIONS


LSEG: PrepositionsRED LEAVES L



“Prepositions”, “conjunctions”, and “interjections” are unbiased morphologic elements. Note that, similar to articles, prepositions are very small words without any meanings of themselves. However, English prepositions are so difficult to use, that very many English words (verbs, nouns, adjectives) have to be learned “as they are” with their accompanying prepositions included!

Now, although prepositions have absolutely no meanings of themselves when they are taken alone, together with the accompanying "prepositional complements" plus the "determining elements", prepositions help in setting complex meanings of "direction", "physical/static state", "abstract state", "grouping", "dynamic movement", "positioning", "involvement", "sequential timing" etc.

LSEG4: FRAGMENT FROM CHAPTER PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions link two morphologic elements having different syntactic functions; for example: the predicate-verbs and their objects, or subjects and their attributes. Conjunctions link two morphologic/syntactic elements of the same type (including two prepositions), or two clauses in a complex sentence. The adverb determines a single morphologic element (a verb, a noun, an adjective, another adverb) or an entire sentence.

LSEG4: FRAGMENT FROM CHAPTER PREPOSITIONS
Many verbs may be followed by any preposition is needed to satisfy the meaning required by prepositional complement. However, there is a numerous category of verbs, named “verbs with preposition”, which have embedded certain prepositions in their form. Note that a verb plus a preposition forms a “phrasal verb” having a new meaning, sometimes totally unrelated to the meaning of the component words.

LSEG4: FRAGMENT FROM CHAPTER PREPOSITIONS
Despite their perplexing simplicity, using prepositions correctly in English is one of the most baffling “skills” for native speakers (belonging to different nations); for the ESL students, unfortunately, things are way tougher. The best method to learn working with prepositions is via contextual particular instances, by example, just as native speakers learn to do—almost instinctually—during their first years of life.


L4EW: FRAGMENT OF AN EXAMPLE FROM CHAPTER PREPOSITIONSRED LEAF L






L4EW:fragment of an exercise from chapter "Prepositions".


L4EW: FRAGMENT OF AN EXAMPLE FROM CHAPTER PREPOSITIONS

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L4EW:fragment of an exercise from chapter "Prepositions".
 


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A complete grammatical reference, very easy to learn: Logically Structured English Grammar 4—as theory plus exercises!

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